Human Factors Research Group
Firearms Threat Pattern Recognition Instructor
program. The goal of this course is to enhance the speed of an officer recognition and response time
by teaching the micro-movement threat indicators. The course focuses on biology-based response
subsequent to time, distance and cover in life and death encounters with armed assailants. This
course was designed from a TPR study that took 5 years to complete. The study has shown that
assailant can move their weapon from the side of the leg and fire at a target in .37 second. Research
has shown that officers are about .5 seconds behind the reality of what they encounter. Action is
faster than reaction. An officer cannot outdraw the assailant. The study showed that 70% of officers
killed in the line of duty are 10 feet or closer to the assailant. In 57% of the cases, the officer did not
have time to draw their weapon. The study further showed by the officer making a simple movement,
gives them time to evade, assess and engage the threat successfully. In making this simple and
effective movement, the assailant has to re-think and re-redirect their assault causing them to miss
vital areas of the officer’s body.
The Firearms TPR study showed during a startled response firearms attack, all 58 officers who
participated were wounded, with the officer accuracy rate of returning fire at 29.7%. After attending
the Firearms TPR course, the officer’s first exposure to a startled response attack reduced the number
of officers wounded to 31 out of 58, with an officer accuracy rate of 78.7%. After the third exposure
the number of officers wounded was down to 1 out of the 58, with an officer returning fire accuracy of
This course is to supplement and enhance existing department firearms programs. This course is not
designed to replace agencies existing firearms courses. This course does not advocate a specific
firearms shooting stance system. There will no live fire in this program.
1. Identify the six assailant draws most often used during a fatal firefight.
2. Identify the lethal force micro-movement cues associated with each assailant lethal force
3. Identify the visual pathways needed to enhance threat identification and precision
4. Identify the limitations of the visual pathways at six and ten feet.
5. Identify a simple tactical solution that will enhance an officer’s ability to evade, verify the
nature of the threat and engage with precision.
6. Identify a simple tactical solution designed to enhance an assailant to miss the target.
7. The course will address the micro-nuances of targeting vectors, the wobble effect and the
challenges of precision using a simple system of economic lasers that can be implemented
during the training.
EQUIPMENT NEEDED FOR THE COURSE:
1. NO AMMUNITION IN THE CLASSROOM
2. Simmunition weapon or airsoft weapon NO AMMUNITION
3. Duty weapon if no other training weapon available
4. Smart phone with video capabilities or video camera