Human Factors Research Group
              Firearms Threat Pattern Recognition Instructor

    Human Factors Research Group (HFRG) has developed a Firearms Threat Pattern Recognition (TPR)
    program.  The goal of this course is to enhance the speed of an officer recognition and response time
    by teaching the micro-movement threat indicators.  The course focuses on biology-based response
    subsequent to time, distance and cover in life and death encounters with armed assailants.  This
    course was designed from a TPR study that took 5 years to complete.  The study has shown that
    assailant can move their weapon from the side of the leg and fire at a target in .37 second.  Research
    has shown that officers are about .5 seconds behind the reality of what they encounter.  Action is
    faster than reaction.  An officer cannot outdraw the assailant.  The study showed that 70% of officers
    killed in the line of duty are 10 feet or closer to the assailant.  In 57% of the cases, the officer did not
    have time to draw their weapon.  The study further showed by the officer making a simple movement,
    gives them time to evade, assess and engage the threat successfully.  In making this simple and
    effective movement, the assailant has to re-think and re-redirect their assault causing them to miss
    vital areas of the officer’s body.

    The Firearms TPR study showed during a startled response firearms attack, all 58 officers who
    participated were wounded, with the officer accuracy rate of returning fire at 29.7%.  After attending
    the Firearms TPR course, the officer’s first exposure to a startled response attack reduced the number
    of officers wounded to 31 out of 58, with an officer accuracy rate of 78.7%.  After the third exposure
    the number of officers wounded was down to 1 out of the 58, with an officer returning fire accuracy of

    This course is to supplement and enhance existing department firearms programs.   This course is not
    designed to replace agencies existing firearms courses.  This course does not advocate a specific
    firearms shooting stance system.  There will no live fire in this program.

    Course Objectives:
    1.        Identify the six assailant draws most often used during a fatal firefight.
    2.        Identify the lethal force micro-movement cues associated with each assailant lethal force   
    3.        Identify the visual pathways needed to enhance threat identification and precision
    4.        Identify the limitations of the visual pathways at six and ten feet.
    5.        Identify a simple tactical solution that will enhance an officer’s ability to evade, verify the  
               nature of the threat and engage with precision.
    6.        Identify a simple tactical solution designed to enhance an assailant to miss the target.
    7.        The course will address the micro-nuances of targeting vectors, the wobble effect and the
               challenges of precision using a simple system of economic lasers that can be implemented
               during the training.

    2.        Simmunition weapon or airsoft weapon  NO AMMUNITION
    3.        Duty weapon if no other training weapon available
    4.        Smart phone with video capabilities or video camera