GROUND AVOIDANCE GROUND ESCAPE (GAGE)
Course Description: 3 days, 24 hours
The PPCT Ground Avoidance Ground Escape Course is designed to teach students how to avoid
being taken to the ground and how to effectively escape if they do find themselves there. It
reviews tactics for both open and narrow environments; reviews the four most common ground
positions and escapes. Refine the student’s physical technique; and presents instructional
methods for teaching survival skills.
1. To examine survival learning research in an effort to enhance officer survivability in a
2. To instruct a ground avoidance and ground escape system that is compatible with the
effects of survival stress.
3. To teach officers how to avoid being taken to the ground and how to effectively escape if
they are grounded.
4. To refine student technique to the instructor level.
5. To teach instructional methods designed to enhance a student’s ability to learn survival
techniques, increase his/her confidence level, and assist in the successful application of
Use of Force Human Factors
This chapter examines survival stress research and provides officers with information that will
enhance their survivability in a combative situation and recommendations regarding issues
related to critical incident management.
Instructor Development and Training Protocols
This chapter reviews instructional methods designed to enhance a student’s ability to learn
survival techniques, increase his/her confidence level, and assist in the successful application of
physical techniques. Topics covered include the psychology of survival training, motivational
factors for learning survival skills, the neural basis of learning, and the stimulus response training
principle. This chapter also introduces PPCT training protocols, including certification
procedures, course protocols and registration requirements, and classroom safety concerns.
PPCT Control Principles
This chapter examines the basic training principles that form the foundation on which all PPCT
training systems are based. Topics discussed include components of acceptability, PPCT
Resistance/Control Continuum, common types of resistance, principles of controlling resistive
behavior, survival reaction time, the reactionary gap, and tactical positioning.
Ground Avoidance and Ground Escape
This chapter teaches officers how to avoid being taken to the ground and how to effectively
escape if they are grounded. Topics discussed include falling techniques, ground avoidance
techniques, ground defense positions, ground escapes, headlock escapes, and defenses against